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obesity :
Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in metres). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.

It has been receiving greater attention in recent years and Weight Loss as a subject is much in focus lately.
Obesity is a chronic condition of excess body fat in a person.
A certain amount of body fat is required for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other functions of the body.

Normal amount of body fat in women: 25% – 30%
Normal amount of body fat in men: 18% – 23%
Women with more than 30% of body fat and men with over 25% body fat are considered to be obese.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries.

Obesity increases the risk of developing a number of diseases like:

Premature death
Type 2 diabetes
Heart disease
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Gall bladder disease
Sleep apnea
High blood cholesterol
Menstrual irregularities
Hirsutism (excessive facial hair)
Stress incontinence
Psychological disorders such as depression
Psychological difficulties due to social stigma

Body Mass Index (BMI) Causes :

High diet in carbohydrates
Frequency of eating
Slow metabolism
Physical inactivity
Psychological factors


Diet therapy
Behavioral therapy
Drug therapy Genetics


Monitoring excessive fat intake.
Eating 3 balanced moderate meals everyday.
Exercising regularly to increase the metabolic rate.

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